It was foreseen that the national RECP Programme would in the main support the Ministries of Environment and Industry (MoE and MoI respectively), whilst providing more limited and specific policy inputs to the Ministries responsible for Energy and Tourism (respectively the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MMRE) and Ministry of Tourism and Creative Enterprises (MTCE)). To do this it was foreseen to start with a broadly-scoped policy gap analysis (covering all relevant policy domains) and then formulating and promoting sector specific policy strategies.
I. Ministry of Environment
Following the endorsement of the global 10 Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP) on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) during the Rio+20 Conference in June 2012, and with the support from the ongoing European Union funded SCP Policy Support Project (under SWITCH programme), MoE drafted a national 10 year programme on SCP (10SCP), which was approved and launched for implementation on 5th June 2013. This 10SCP has three priorities, respectively: 1. to integrate SCP into the National Mid Term Development Strategy 2015-2019 (strategic policy formulation); 2. to develop and manage the ‘assets’ for SCP implementation (SCP resources pool for Indonesia); and 3. to integrate SCP in four thematic quick wins, respectively: green industry (cooperatively with MoI); green tourism (cooperatively with MoTCE); green building; and green public procurement. Through output 2 (RECP Implementation and Replication), the national RECP Programme is relevant to two quick wins (green industry and green tourism), whereas in addition through output 1 (RECP Capacity and Network) it contributes to building a resources pool for SCP implementation (in particular in the manufacturing and associated sectors).
II. Ministry of Industry
Commensurate with its commitment to the 2009 Manila Green Industry (GI) Declaration and encouraged by amongst others the 2011 Tokyo Green Industry Conference (organized by UNIDO), MoIdrafted during 2012-2013 its Green Industry Roadmap (GIR). Green Industry is therein defined as ‘industry which prioritizes efficiency and effectiveness in its process that combine the synergy of economic profitability, social welfare and environmental protection’ (5). The roadmap outlines key mechanisms through which the Government of Indonesia wishes to foster GI development, in particular: 1. Development of sector based GI standards and input material catalogues: such sector based documents are aimed at eliminating hazardous materials and fostering and standardizing the use of environmentally friendly materials in key consumer good sectors, such as textile, ceramics and food; 2. Eco-friendly machine restructuring: based on Indonesia’s success with sector-based machine restructuring programmes it is foreseen to provide technical and financial support for industries to adopt new and cleaner process equipments; 3. Professional training in Cleaner Production (CP) and Energy Efficiency (EE); 4. Launch of GI award (first done in 2012); and 5. Issuance of CP guidelines and technical standards. Through output 1 (RECP Capacity and Network), the Indonesian RECP Programme will be delivering professional RECP training covering both CP and EE (priority 3 above), whereas CP guidelines and technical standards (priority 5 above) could be based on the results of the sectoral RECP implementation and replication programmes under output 2 (at least for the targeted sectors: food, metal and chemical products; hotels and tourism; and crafts). Output 3 (RECP Technology and Innovation) can furthermore contribute to the sector based input material catalogues and eco-friendly machine restructuring (priority 2 above).
III. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
In parallel with 10SCP and GIT, MEMR has launched its energy efficiency framework with specific actions on Industrial Energy Efficiency (IEE), including through the promotion of Energy Management Systems and energy-efficient equipments (motors, boilers, etc.). This focus can be enlarged with resource efficiency (more efficient use of materials, water and chemicals with as a spin off reductions in energy use), which is being demonstrated through the RECP programme (in particular through output 2 (RECP Implementation and Replication)).
IV. Ministry of Tourism and Creative Enterprises
Following the launch of the 10SCP with green tourism as one of the quick wins, MoTCE is collaborating with MoE on policies for supporting the greening of tourism sector. The output 2.3 on RECP implementation in tourism sector is relevant.